The process of car maintenance using the specification set by the manufacturer that involves the setting of wheel angles is known as wheel alignment.
in order for a vehicle to move in a straight posture and also to reduce time wear wheel alignment is necessary. Wheel alignment makes it possible for a vehicle to move without pulling on one side.Wheel alignment is also known as breaking or tracking.
A vehicle can be set in a different way as that of a manufacturer.This type of setting enables one to set a specific handling characteristics. The vehicles which are normally used for sporting activities can be set in angles which are not normal this so as to suit the various reasons.
Modern vehicles are equipped with a driver assistance system that includes electronic stability system, the antilock system. The other types of the driver assistance system include; lane departure warning, traction control and the adaptive cruise control.
Such system helps in the alignment of a vehicle for proper movement. setting of a vehicle is made simpler by the use of ADAS. A driver assistance system also makes the a vehicle to move in a proper way thus reducing the risk o an accident.
There are two different types of wheel alignment which include Primary Angles and Secondary angles Primary angles are the most basic wheel alignment which is relative to each other and also to the car body. Camber, caster and toe are the various types of adjustments. On some cars not all adjustments can be conducted on each and every wheel of a vehicle.The three types of adjustments can further categorized into two which include the front and the rear.
There are different types of secondary angles.They include; frame angle, set back, track width difference, wheel base difference. Other secondary adjustments which are normally carried out on both wheels include; steering Axis Inclination, Toe out on turns, maximum turns, rear ride height, the front ride height.
A setback is the difference between the right side and the left side and also the wheel base length.Setback can also be measured through an angle. When the setback is below the set standards by the manufacturer does not affect the car handling, this is so because when a car is turning a wheel is normally several centimeters than the other wheel this makes the setback to be termed as negligible.
Some model of vehicles have different factory setting which for right to left side of the wheel base length which is because of the various reasons of the design. When there is a difference between the right and the left cater or when a collision occurs an off spec occurs. During the wheel alignment there is a specific camera which is normally used.