Determining some of the potential hazards in a job site is considered an important step before the hazards finally become a problem. We often hear about Job Safety Analysis but many of us still don’t know what it stands for. Job Safety Analysis is the process of analyzing the a specific job to identify some of the hazards involved in it and the best ways to control them. Completing this task means that the workplace can now provide a better and safe working conditions for the workers.
For JSA to be effective enough, it should covered every part of the job. A workplace which runs several tasks at the same time will need several job hazard analysis. The person to wrote the JSA should be competent enough to be able to correctly identify the hazards present in a particular job site. Mostly, this person is always the supervisor.
After you have completely analyzed every task involved at the workplace, you now need to break them down into easy steps. Mostly, these steps should be related to the job itself and the job area. Thus if there are any alterations in the job area, the step will also change. Avoid making too detailed steps as they may make the JSA difficult to follow. Nevertheless, under detailed steps may also miss some of the potential threats.
Next, you should now identify the hazards involved in every step. This is known to be the most clanging part when it comes to job safety analysis. At this stage, you ought to identify everything that may be a source of threat to the health and safety of the workers. Identify how the surrounding, people and even the materials used may become hazardous. There are certain factors that may help you identify the threats and such include other projects going on around the job site, what caused some of the past injuries and also regulatory requirements.
After identifying the hazards, the next stage is to determine the most effective control for them. The control involves how you will get rid of the dangers or reduce the chances of injures. After completing the first three steps the job safety analysis should be ready to be discussed with the workers. The effectiveness of the job safety analysis will be highly determined by how well the workers understands it.
Before work starts, it is of importance to review the JSA just to ensure that the crew understands better the nature of the work. In case the nature of the work changes in any way, the JSA should be reviewed to include the new risks involved and even shared with the workers.